ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) is the primary programming languages in which many of SAP’s applications are written. ABAP began life as a purely procedural language and has subsequently incorporated object-oriented features. ABAP programs are run on SAP’s Netweaver ABAP application server, the only publicly available ABAP runtime environment. In most organizations, ABAP experts are programmers and developers.

What is SAP Basis?

SAP Basis is the SAP version of system administration. SAP Basis administrators are responsible for making sure that the SAP application server and applications are installed and configured properly; they also maintain the whole landscape and its smooth operation. SAP Basis is the technical foundation that enables all SAP applications to function smoothly. It consists of programs and tools that support the interactions of multiple systems and the portability of SAP applications across systems and databases.

What’s the Difference?

SAP Basis is the core technical components of the SAP System. It has to do with the SAP Netweaver/ABAP Application Server monitoring and Administration. It includes installing SAP Systems, setting up Servers/Server Instances, creating System Users Management, Memory Management, and Underlying Database Management. SAP ABAP is used to produce Business Applications. SAP Applications are developed by SAP and enhanced by partners or customers using ABAP. That means that the professionals at 1st Basis can take an SAP Application and tweak it for your specific business needs using ABAP. One of our SAP ABAP Programmer/Developers will provide exactly what you want.

No Conflict

SAP Basis and SAP ABAP are not in conflict. Instead, they complement each other. You could think of SAP Basis as a conduit between ABAP and the computer operating system. When SAP created Basis in order to shift the system out of a mainframe, it enabled ABAP code to run on other platforms too. ABAP programs cannot run directly on an operating system (like Windows). They require the set of programs known as SAP Basis to load and interpret their input and output (“All SAP system data are stored in the database. This includes the application data—such as Pos, invoices, and so on—generated by daily transactions, as well as the system settings—customizing—and the source code of programs” — SAP Administration: Practical Guide, p. 36 Galileo Press, 2011)..

An Analogy

You can think of SAP Basis and ABAP like Windows and Windows programs. When you install Windows on your computer, it creates a directory structure with program files, windows, etc. Then, you can download any Windows program that you want to run. SAP Basis and ABAP do a similar thing on a much greater scale. SAP Basis creates the architecture of the entire systems landscape. Once you have it, you can choose to employ any ABAP enhancement that suits your business needs.

Expert Advice

The professionals at 1st Basis understand the inter-relationship between SAP Basis and SAP ABAP fully. We can help you to optimize your SAP system with whatever enhancements would work best for your business. We are happy to work with you to get the best performance out of your business software so you can concentrate on your business.

SAP Basis vs SAP Security: What Are They, Differences, and More

“An SAP system administrator ensures that the Basis components of every SAP system and their functions are working correctly during live operation.”
SAP Administration: Practical Guide, p. 17 Galileo Press, 2011.

SAP Basis

SAP Basis is landscape administration for all SAP environments. It is designed to keep all of the different systems in the landscape working at optimum efficiency— all the time. SAP Basis installs and configures all SAP systems and components, backs up and restores data, troubleshoots issues, and manages batch jobs. In addition, SAP Basis configures SAP’s transportation management system (TMS). Generally, it does everything from installing and configuring printers and other devices to running and managing the entire SAP ERP foundation.

SAP Security

SAP Security is user administration in SAP for all the modules and work areas. SAP Security governs what data and processes users can access inside an SAP landscape. It negotiates all the tools, processes, and controls that exist to restrict access to various places within the SAP landscape so that a user has precisely the information needed to do their job, no more and no less. SAP Security analyzes and anticipates what access is needed and disallows viewing or altering other data. By designating access via a role or a position rather than a person, it accommodates easier flow of information while maintaining security.

History – SOX

The functions of SAP Basis and SAP Security used to be combined into one role. However, in the early 2000s, they became decoupled. It became more and more apparent that a unique system was needed to focus exclusively on internal security. On July 30, 2002, a federal law called Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) was enacted that made companies responsible for the information they reported. The most controversial element of this act was Section 404 that required management and external auditors to report on the adequacy of a company’s internal control over financial reporting.

History – Segregation of Duties

SAP stores and processes all kinds of data, including financial data, and segregation of duties (SoD) are crucial when dealing with different job positions and responsibilities within a company. SoD means that the set of roles/responsibilities should be assigned in such a way that no one individual should have end-to-end access rights over any function. An employee should not have responsibility for more than one of these three transactions components: authorizing transactions (approval), recording transactions (accounting), and handling the related asset (custody).

SAP Basis and SAP Security Now

Before 2006, SAP Security was a synonym for SOX and SoD, even though it was only a small part of SAP Security. Since then, SAP Security has developed into a complex and ever evolving system to guarantee the integrity of all the data within the SAP landscape. SAP Security can grant full access to particular sets of data to users without allowing them to view others. Alternatively, it can allow them full access to some sets of data, altering ability to other sets of data, and denying access to still other sets of data, and every combination thereof. SAP Security not only makes certain that your business is complying with all federal laws and regulations, it sets up the framework for your employees doing their jobs using the soundest business practices.

Just imagine SAP Basis as the President and his cabinet dealing with the large-scale issues facing the country. SAP Security works more like the Department of Homeland Security and the police forces throughout the country. They make sure we are all safe and can go about our day-to-day lives without fear.